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Elizabethan English dictionary

Page history last edited by VRBurton 8 years, 12 months ago

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Elizabethan English dictionary

Yes! It Really is English

Verbs

Elizabethan English word

Modern English word

Example used in sentence

art

are

Why artthou sleeping in class?

wert

were

Thou wertsupposed to be paying attention.

dost

do

Thou dostthyself harm by sleeping in class.

 

does

She dostnot like to eat liver.

hath

has

Harold hatha toothache.

 

have

I hatha toothache.

wast

was

There wasta fly in my soup.

canst

cannot

I canstconvince him to leave.

wilt

will

Wiltthou taketh thy foot off mine foot?

bid

ask

 

bade

asked

I badeher to hurry up.

beseech

beg

John beseechedSally to lend him some money.

owe

own

He owesa huge house.

heareth

hear

I heareth he owes a pool

 

Contractions

Elizabethan English word

Modern English word

Example used in sentence

tis

it is

Tis a pity to waste a brilliant mind.

ope

open

Ope the door, please.

o’er

over

I seeth mine friends o’er there.

gi’

give

Gi’ me all thy money.

ne’er

never

Ne’er look a gift horse i’ the mouth.

i’

in

Ne’er look a gift horse i’ the mouth.

e’er

ever

Dost not e’er run with scissors.

fore’er

forever

 

oft

often

She oft neglecteth to dost her homework.

A’

he

A’ hath a case of the measles.

E’en

even

I dost not like any vegetables, not e’en carrots.

Remember, in modern English: I’ll = I will; He’ll = He will; Doesn’t = Does not; Don’t = do not.

Pronouns

Elizabethan English word

Modern English word

Example used in sentence

ye

you (plural)

Gather ye (all of you) together for the party

thou

you (subject)

Thou hadst better getteth it together. (you is doing the action.)

thee

you (object)

I love thee a whole lot (you is receiving the action)

 

Pronouns (continued)

Elizabethan English word

Modern English word

Example used in sentence

thy

your

Watcheth thy step.

mine

my

Dost not steppeth on mine foot.

thine

yours

What is mine is thine.

Exclamations (Interjections)

Elizabethan English word

Modern English word

Example used in sentence

Aye

Yes or Ah!

Aye, I see thou hast studied!

How!

What!

How! Thou hast not done thy homework yet?

Soft

Shhhh!

Soft, or thou wilt wake the baby.

Tut

Now, now

Tut, you canst expect to win all the time.

Godden

Good afternoon

Godden to thee.

nay

no

Nay, I dost not wanteth to leave the classroom.

anon

soon or hurry up

Anon, or we wilt be late for the show.

Miscellaneous words

Elizabethan English word

Modern English word

Example used in sentence

whither

where

Whither hast mine pet snake gone?

wherefore

why

Wherefore hast thou not done thy homework?

hither

here

Come hither so I can seest thou better.

fortnight

two weeks

I hath not seen thee in a fortnight!

visage

face

Thou hast a lovely visage.

henceforth

from now on

Henceforth, I shan’t be home.

passing

very

Arnold is a passing fine basketball player.

coz

cousin

I’ll talketh to thee later, coz.

morrow

day

Good morrow to you, too, mine friend.

naught

nothing

I’ve naught but the clothes on mine back.

an

if

An I dost not findeth a replacement, I hath to play.

ere

before

Don’t counteth thy chickens ere they hatch.

foe(s)

enemy(ies)

Art thou mine friend or foe?

purse

money

Mine purse will feed but one of us.

mark

pay attention to

Mark how nice Linda looks in her prom dress.

hie

go

Hie thee home, Linda.

plague

curse

A plague on Derek, for he got to Linda ere I did.

for

because

I ate lunch at 10 a.m., for I was passing hungry.

Give me leave

allow me

Give me leave to hie to the party.

presently

immediately

I demand an answer of thee presently!

sport

amusement

My classmates make sport at mine expense.

 

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